Craft is a term that literally means handcrafted brewing which is linked to non-commercial, independent breweries that produce lesser quantities of beer and where attention is paid to the quality and the different kinds, styles and beer flavors. Craft beer is characterized by high quality natural ingredients, traditional principles of production and absence of filtration and pasteurization process. Craf does not strive for quantity but quality.
The expansion of the artisan’s breweries was particularly noticeable in the mid-nineties of the past century when homemade brewers from hobbies were raised to a higher level and started to produce more serious products. In Europe, craft breweries are today the most developed in England, Scotland, Ireland, Belgium, Italy, Germany.
The European craft breweries find their starting point in different types of English ales, Belgian monastic beers, German wheat beer, and porter. In the Balkans, craft beer revolution is under way. The appearance of the craft of beer coincides with the strengthening of consumer awareness of the importance of quality and insists on the pure and original ingredients of beer: water, malt, hops and yeast.
Apart from the distinction of aromas, craft beer is also distinguished by conventional beer, by visual appearance on the market. The design of the label is something that special attention is paid to, so consumers are often in a position to enjoy a modern, creative, inventive and unique design. As for the volume of bottles, in addition to the standard (0.33 and 0.50), 0.75l bottles are also used.
Most craft beers are ales (warmer fermentation beers) and there are numerous styles in this category: India Pale Ale, Pale Ale, Porter, Stout, Wheat beer (weizen, hefeweizen, witbier), Imperial IPA, Imperial Stout, Smoked Beer, Barley Wine, etc.